Analytical review of intellectual property in Russia based on WIPO data
The review provides the analysis of the Russian patenting activity in international comparison, which was made mainly on the basis of the WIPO statistical data and covers the period 2010–2017.
The research task was to assess compliance of Russia’s technological potential with its strategic priorities for science and technology development. The author assumes that technological potential is largely determined by the intellectual property of the country.
The position of Russia in the global patent space is analyzed by means of statistical data on patenting within different systems, as well as in the context of distribution of patent applications between the world leading patent offices. Special attention is paid to assessing Russia’s competitiveness in terms of intellectual property in the critical technology fields.
It was found that the five leaders in the majority of indicators remains unchanged for the period under review and includes China, the United States, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Germany. However, in recent years, China, Saudi Arabia, India, Turkey and Singapore have been the leaders in the annual growth rate of patent applications, which allows us to predict a further shift of the pole of innovation activity towards Asia.
The analysis revealed the relative weakness of Russia’s position in the sphere of intellectual property, and hence the technological potential. There is a significant lag behind the leaders both in terms of patenting activity in general and in a number of industries that are critical for science and technology development. The demand for intellectual property in the country is low, as well as the patenting activity of the domestic business. The author comes to the conclusion that the preservation of the existing achievements and further development of science and technology in Russia are possible only providing accumulation and commercialization of intellectual property in priority technology fields.