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Russian version ISSN: 2686-6706 (Print) ISSN: 2686-6714 (Online) Subscription index: 65055
'Science Management and Scientometrics' Journal
Dear authors and readers!
Starting from the issue 2, 2019 the name of the scientific journal
has been changed.
The new name of the journal is "Science Governance and Scientometrics".
The journal continues to be indexed in all declared databases.

Assessment of the Possibilities of Achieving the Planned Values of Gross Expenditures on Research and Development in Russia

Dmitrishina E.V., Uskov D.A., Mikhaylova A.A., Fedorova E.S.

DOI: 10.33873/2686-6706.2020.15-1.8-29

Volume 15, issue 1/2020

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Annotation

Introduction. Leadership in research and development and a high rate of mastery of new knowledge and creation of innovative products are key factors that determine the competitiveness of national economies and the effectiveness of national security strategies. In this regard, research on the possibilities of achieving the target values of the indicator of grossexpenditures on research and development becomes especially relevant. Methods. For research purposes, such scientific methods as analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction, comparison and formalization were used, as well as methods of comparative, statistical and economic analysis. Results and Discussion. The article analyzes the dynamics and structure of one of the most common indicators that allow us to evaluate the country’s scientific and technological development: the indicator of domestic expenditures for research and development. The transformation of goal-setting that has been carried out in relation to the development of science within the framework of strategic planning has been revealed: a shift in emphasis from the quantitative determination of established absolute values to relative values, making it possible to evaluate not only the dynamics, but also the structural changes in the observed phenomenon. The impossibility of achieving the established values of the target indicator of the development of science in the presence of existing trends in its financing is shown. Conclusion. The results of the research can be used in the interests of the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Keywords

Development of science, research and development, gross expenditures, gross expenditures on research and development, gross domestic product, GERD, GDP, state program

Information about the authors

Elena V. Dmitrishina, Cand.Sci. (Economics), Deputy Director, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Institute for Public Finance Reform” (IPFR) (1/2 Bolshoy Kislovsky Per., Moscow 125009, Russia); Senior Researcher, Sector for Monitoring the Social and Economic Development of the Research and Development Sphere, Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3561-9650. Her scientific interests include studying the problems of implementing the state research and development policy at the national level and studying the tools and mechanisms for financing scientific and technological development.

Denis A. Uskov, Head, Department for Development of Projects in the Field of Economics of Science, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Institute for Public Finance Reform” (IPFR) (1/2 Bolshoy Kislovsky Per., Moscow 125009, Russia); Junior Researcher, Sector of Priority Sectors for the Development of Science and Technology, Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1714-8541. His research interests include tools to support scientific, R&D and innovative activities.

Anna A. Mikhaylova, Cand.Sci. (Economics), Head, Department of Applied Economic Research, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Institute for Public Finance Reform” (IPFR) (1/2 Bolshoy Kislovsky Per., Moscow 125009, Russia); Senior Researcher, Sector for Monitoring the Social and Economic Development of the Research and Development Sphere, Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0831-2554. Her scientific interests include problems of financing social sectors, public finances, and ways to increase budget openness and transparency.

Elena S. Fedorova, Cand.Sci. (Economics), Senior Researcher, Center for Economic Theory of the Social Sector, Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (32 Nakhimovsky Avenue, Moscow 117218, Russia); Senior Researcher, Sector for Monitoring the Social and Economic Development of the Research and Development Sphere, Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in Science and Technology (RIEPL) (20A Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia). ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2804-4158. Her scientific interests cover the economic problems of the social sphere and the analysis of socio-economic problems in the digital economy.

Authors’ contribution:

  • Dmitrishina E. V. – analysis and synthesis of materials on the research issues, identification of the main areas of transformation of the goal-setting carried out in relation to the development of science in the framework of strategic planning, and identification and confirmation of the impossibility of achieving the established values of the science development indicator in the context of the continuation of existing trends in its financing;
  • Uskov D. A. – analysis of regulatory legal acts, as well as analysis based thereon of strategic indicators for the development of science and analysis of publications of Russian authors on the research issues;
  • Mikhaylova A. A. – analysis of financial indicators for the development of science, identification of problems of financial support and the search for new sources of financing for research and development, and the drafting of proposals to stimulate the attraction of extrabudgetary sources to financing research and development;
  • Fedorova E. S. – analysis of domestic and foreign literature on the research issues and identification of promising areas for further research, taking into account foreign experience.
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