Impact of Information Technology on the Dynamics of Employment in Russia and Abroad
This paper is devoted to the main development trends of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their impact on the dynamics of employment in the ICT sector and in other sectors of the economy on the example of the USA and Russia. The subject of research is the labor market of two countries, the dynamics of the structure of employment, the impact of ICT on the demand and supply of labor. The purpose of the study is to identify both positive and negative trends and social risks arising from the wide diffusion of new technologies. The method of research is the analysis and comparison of statistical information on the employment of various groups of the employees, their average salary with the level of ICT development in the United States and Russia. The main technological innovation is always accompanied by extensive reforms in the labor market. This paper analyzed the various theories about the impact of technology on employment, it is noted that the development of new technologies (including ICT) now does not guarantee employment growth and higher wages. On the one hand, the use of ICT allows to produce more goods and services at a lower cost, which may be accompanied by technological unemployment. At the same time, the use of ICT creates new jobs and opens up new opportunities in various industries and new markets. To fully take advantage of new technology and iron out their negative impact on the labor market, need to upgrade the skills of low-skilled and carry out further training of experts, to facilitate the choice of young people and students in ICT professions.