Monitoring of Interaction of Russian Scientific and Educational Organizations with Foreign Scientists
Zolotarev D.V., Belov F.D., Vasilyeva I.N., Malakhov V.A., Smirnova A.V.
Introduction. International science and technology cooperation is the most important direction of strengthening international relations, maintaining effective foreign economic activity, the development of national science, as well as improving the socioeconomic situation in the country. The article presents the results of the monitoring of interaction of Russian scientific and educational organizations with foreign scientists in 2018. Monitoring tools. The research was carried out through sending requests in Russian organizations (scientific organizations and organizations of higher education under the Russian Ministry of Science and Higher Education, as well as the Kurchatov Institute, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) in order to collect statistic data and analyze the information obtained with the help of MS Excel. Research results. It was revealed, that in 2018 Russian organizations actively cooperated with foreign scientists. The geography of the countries, the residents of which are foreign scientists presented in the study, is quite wide – 115 countries. Most scientists came to Russia from Germany – 1,024 in 204 organizations. In terms of the number of scientists with whom cooperation was carried out, the leader is the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, which collaborated with 546 scientists. To a greater extent, Russian organizations interacted with specialists in natural sciences – 4,259 foreign scientists, including 1,921 physicists, visited 263 Russian organizations. Most of the foreign scientists presented in the study (4,281 people) interacted with Russian colleagues within the framework of joint research projects, including international ones. The authors identified age groups of scientists and the goals of visiting Russia. In addition, the scientific fields in which foreign scientists specialize were classified according to the OECD classification. The results of the study are presented in tables. Conclusion. In the context of globalization the deepening of international scientific relations, broad participation in international technological exchange, as well as the mobility of scientists and professors, become the critical factors of the successful development of national science and economy. The interaction of scientists from different countries also offer great opportunities for science diplomacy, which often makes it possible to reduce political tensions between countries.
KeywordsInternational scientific cooperation, foreign scientists in Russia, science diplomacy
Information about the authors
Dmitry V. Zolotarev, Cand.Sci. (Economics), Deputy Director for Science, head of the Department of globalization and international cooperation in science and innovation in RIEPL (20А Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2591-973X. His area of expertise includes the analysis of publication activity of Russian researchers at the international level, mathematical modeling.
Filipp D. Belov, Cand.Sci. (Economics), researcher in RIEPL (20А Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1725-6873. His area of expertise includes the innovation system development, scientific migration, scientometrics.
Vadim A. Malakhov, Cand.Sci. (History), senior researcher in RIEPL (20А Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6656-1036. His area of expertise includes sociology of science, the history of S&T policy in Russia and in the world, international experience in science and innovation management.
Irina N. Vasilyeva, Cand.Sci. (Economics), senior researcher in RIEPL (20А Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5602-5237. Her research interests include statistical analysis in science, technology and innovation, education; monitoring of the most important macroeconomic indicators characterizing the state of the economy; accounting and analytical support of value-based management.
Anastasia V. Smirnova, research assistant in RIEPL (20А Dobrolyubova St., Moscow 127254, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1668-1149. Her research interests include the strategic analysis of research activity in Russia in order to identify its competitive advantages and disadvantages in the international arena by means of bibliometrics, in particular, scientometrics; the influence of S&T development on the dynamics of economic growth in Russia; Research Fronts.
- Zolotarev D. V. – literature analysis, collection and systematization of the data on the number of scientists in top-10 organizations, concomitant analysis;
- Belov F. D. – collection and systematization of statistics on the scientific fields of foreign scientists according to the OECD classification of the 2d level; analysis of the countries, the residents of which are foreign scientists interacting with Russian organizations;
- Malakhov V. A. – collection and systematization of the data on the number of foreign scientists by age groups, concomitant analysis;
- Vasilyeva I. N. – collection and systematization of the data on the goals of foreign scientists that visited Russian organizations in 2018, formulating the conclusions of the research;
- Smirnova A. V. – collection and systematization of statistics on the scientific fields of foreign scientists according to the broad OECD classification, concomitant analysis.