Monitoring of the Federal Budget Expenditures for Research and Development During the Period 2010–2015
Financing from the federal budget is one of the mechanisms that enables implementation of the Scientific and Technological Development Strategy of the Russian Federation. The article analyzes the instruments and the existing trends in the Russia’s science budget from the year 2010 to 2015.
Reports on budget execution are used to generate data on science funding, factored in expenditures for national defense, national security, law enforcement and civil science. The information is broken down into a number of categories. The analysis of structural changes in fiscal expenditures for science has revealed a slowdown in spending on basic research during the period under consideration and sustainable prevalence of national defense, national security and law enforcement in fiscal financing of applied research.
The paper analyzes the federal budget expenditures broken down by financing instruments such as subsidies for the government commissioned research, State programs of the Russian Federation, Federal targeted programs. Based on the analysis the author makes the conclusion that financial resources are concentrated in several State Programs of the Russian Federation, mainly related to the development of high-tech industries. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of budget spending on research implemented in the context of Federal Targeted Programs and to the subsidies for the implementation of the government commissioned research broken down by the key spending units of the federal budget.