On Improving the Legislation for Science, Technology and Innovation
The article analyzes the federal legislation for science, technology and innovation in 2017. The author examines three federal laws among the accepted in 2017 federal laws in the field of science, technology and innovation and analyzes the main provisions of the draft federal law developed by the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation. In addition, the paper makes some proposals for improving the legislation for science and innovation to provide the technological unity of the scientific, and innovative activities. In particular, it is proposed to clarify the objectives of the legislation in the sphere of science and innovation, to fill in the gaps, to resolve the declarative nature of certain legal rules, to improve mechanisms of their implementation, to clarify and expand the conceptual apparatus of innovation, including its harmonization with the conceptual apparatus of developed countries and international standards of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Eurasian Economic Union. Considerable attention is paid to the issues of improving the legal status of the actors in the sphere of science, technology and innovation, developing organizational and economic mechanism of the government science, technology and innovation policy formation and realization. These issues are especially important for the purposes of preserving and further increase of the scientific and technological potential of the country, progressive development of science, implementation of the full innovation cycle «research – design – development – production – distribution of innovative products», as well as creating the legal framework to implement the Strategy for the scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation.