Postgraduate Study and Its Role in Growing of Human Resources in Science and Technology: Roundtable Discussion
The current model of human resources development in S&T in Russian Federation is regarded as centralized and untargeted. It doesn’t allow to develop human resources in S&T that causes ineffective expenditures of federal budget. At 1995–2012 «the postgraduate bubble» made scholastic degree less elitist. The government approach to limit allocation for post-graduate school causes untargeted youth development and forming ineffective curriculum that doesn’t have global trends compliance. The lack of selective approach at enrollment in graduate school causes a small percentage of successful thesis defense and low quality of thesis research. The submitted approach to improving of human resources development in S&T in Russia allows to use decentralized model of targeted post-graduate school. This type of school split all the graduate students into 5 streams: federal, regional, fund, corporate, personal. The flows have difference by future work places of graduate school students; by sources of financing of studying; by mechanism to determine the total number of student in post-graduates school and by disciplinary fields; by order of competitive selection of graduate students and determining the organizations that provide development in graduate school; by postgraduate commitment to conclude an employment contract with an interested employer organization. Human resources development with the involvement of the budget is carried out only for three streams: federal, regional, fund. The future needs monitoring system of highly qualified personnel proposed to ensure the functioning of the decentralized model of targeted postgraduate of federal,regional and fund streams.