Requirements for Article Formatting
1. Text format:
- page size – A4 (210 x 297 mm);
- orientation – portrait;
- all margins – 25 mm;
- font – Times New Roman 14 pt.
- spacing – 1.15.
2. Article length – not less than 20 000 characters including spaces (excluding an abstract, keywords and references).
3. UDC code should be indicated in the upper left corner.
4. Article Title (a title of not more than twelve words is recommended) should briefly and exactly reflect the content of the article, its subject and the results of the scientific research conducted. It should be informative, attractive, and present the uniqueness of the author’s scientific work. Font – Times New Roman 14 pt, bold, center alignment.
5. Author’s initials and surname (font – bold, lowercase letters with а capital first letter, alignment – right), brief information about the author (after an empty line): employer (legal name of the organization), city, country, email (font – italic, alignment – right). If the article is written by a group of authors, the information about the next author should be separated by one empty line. It should be noted which author is the contact person.
6. Abstract should contain a short summary of the following article sections:
- Results and discussion;
We recommend using active voice and avoiding unnecessary common phrases. The abstract should reflect all the main research methods, results obtained and a conclusion – so that the readers can get an idea of the article even without reading the main text. A reader should be able not only to understand the content of the article, but also to quote it based on the abstract. Please note that the abstract shouldn’t contain references. The abbreviations that are not generally accepted should be given with expansions.
The recommended length of an abstract is 200–250 words.
7. Keywords are the search instrument for the scientific article and should reflect the main provisions, achievements, results, terminology of scientific research. Using common keywords like "analysis", "hypothesis", "research" etc. is not recommended. Heading "Keywords" should be bolded and indented from the left. The keywords themselves should be separated by commas with no dot at the end.
We recommend using 5–10 keywords.
8. The main text of the article should be presented in Russian or English and divided into the following sections:
- Literature review;
- Results and Discussion;
These sections should be highlighted by corresponding subheadings and contain the relevant information. Within these sections, the author's rubrication is allowed. The title of each section should start with a capital letter, font – italic, width alignment. When using abbreviations in the main text, it is necessary to give their expansion. For example: "…intellectual property (IP)…" The reference numbers should be in square brackets and in the order they are mentioned in the text, in case of direct quote – page numbers should be indicated. The use of unpublished materials, as well as the sources that are not referenced in the text is not allowed.
1) Introduction should contain the scientific problem statement, its relevance, the connection with the most important problems to be solved, importance for the development of a particular scientific field or practical activity. First of all, the author states the general topic of the research. Then the author should reveal the theoretical and practical significance of his work, describe the problems this article is designed to solve (that have not been solved in previous research on this topic), express the main idea of his publication, describe its difference from current views on the problem and the development of already known approaches, pay attention on presenting the new data, results, recommendations, regularities. The purpose of the article follows from the problem statement.
2) Literature review. This section should describe the main (recent) research and publications on which the author relies, current views on the problem, main difficulties and outstanding issues on the considered problem.
3) Methods. This section describes the research process organization, applied methods; provides detailed information on the object under study, shows the research execution sequence and justifies the choice of methods used (observation, survey, test, experiment, analysis, modeling, study and summarization, etc.).
4) Results and Discussion. The author's systematic analytical and statistical material should be presented in this section. The results of the research should have a sufficient description so that a reader could check the validity of the author’s findings. This is the main section, its purpose is to prove the working hypothesis by analyzing, summarizing and explaining the data. The results can be confirmed with figures and tables, which represent either the initial data or the evidence in a contracted form. Figures and tables should not duplicate the information from the text. It is desirable to compare the results presented in the article with the previous scientific works in this area written by the author and other researchers. This comparison reveals the novelty of the scientific work and proves its objectivity. The results presented should be brief but provide sufficient information to evaluate the findings obtained. The data choice for the analysis should be justified.
5) Conclusion contains a brief statement of the main idea, the research results and recommendations, their practical importance and the main areas of further research. The results should be compared with the purpose of the article. We also recommend including attempts to forecast the development of the issues considered.
9. Acknowledgements. This section specifies the sources of funding for the research (grants, government-commissioned projects, etc. with their numbers); gratitude to the colleagues (not co-authors) who provided any support when preparing the article. Expressing gratitude to anonymous reviewers is considered good style.
10. References should be formatted in accordance with the Vancouver style. Source numbers are indicated in the order of their occurrence in the text. Legal acts should be indicated in the footnote. It is recommended to refer primarily to the original articles from the scientific journals included in international citation indexes. The number of sources used should be directly proportional to the degree of development of the considered topic in scientific community: if there are other research works on the same topic, it should be reflected in the list of references and in the main text. A DOI or a website link should be indicated for each source which has it. The interested reader should be able to find the specified source as soon as possible.
11. Information about the authors. Full name, academic degree, rank, position, organization(s) (where the research was conducted), ORCID, area of expertise. If the article is written by a group of authors, the information about the next author is separated by an empty line.
12. Authors’ contribution. In the end of the manuscript there should be a note on each author’s relative contribution. Authors are free to determine the order of indicating this information by themselves.
13. Figures and tablesin the text should have the headings formatted in the following way:
- figures – at the bottom center (font – 10 pt, bold, the word "Figure" (cannot be abbreviated) / figure number / dot / figure name);
- tables – at the top center (font – 10 pt, bold, the word "Table" (cannot be abbreviated) / table number / dot / table name).
The source of a table or figure (an author, a book, a journal, etc.) should be indicated below. Each figure and table should be referenced in the text. Font format – Times New Roman, minimum 10 pt. All screenshots should have an additional description.
14. All figures (tables, charts, figures, schemes and drawings) in the article should be submitted as separate files. They should be presented in colored or black-and-white version.
Requirements to the files.
- tables: Microsoft Word format;
- charts and graphs: Microsoft Excel format. Initial data is provided in the same file;
- figures, schemes and drawings: JPEG or PNG format.
We do not accept scanned images.