The Institution of Efficient Contract in Science: Problems and Solutions
The article reviews the norms regulating the institution of efficient contract, which has been embedded in the research environment of Russia. The main focus is on the two strategic documents approved by the RF Government – the roadmaps which contribute to an increase in wages of scientific workers on the basis of efficient contract. The author reveals the content and the mission of the efficient contract tool and demonstrates its consistency with the national labour legislation. It is shown that the institution of effective contract is developing spontaneously and its main elements lack regulation. Research organizations are authorized to structure and design their own forms of efficient contract. The paper considers the most interesting and viable model forms of efficient contract introduced in the most advanced universities of Russia and the results of introduction of the new labor relations. More specifically, it examines the experience of Far Eastern Federal University, The Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Higher School of Economics, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lomonosov Moscow State University, St. Petersburg University, Volgograd State University and the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”. The author presents the concept of a normative document, which can regulate controversial matters of efficient contract, which has not been legislated. Among the issues to be regulated there are proportions between base wages and performance-based incentives as well as methods of back and worth shifting of workload between academic and research activities.