The Method of Evaluating the Effectiveness of Small Innovative Enterprises State Support in Russia
Parfenova S.L., Gribovsky A.V.
The article is devoted to the problem of an efficiency evaluation of government budget appropriations, directed to support small innovative entrepreneurship in Russia, which is a basic element of national innovative system. The small enterprises created in the late eighties of the XX century on base of research institutions and the higher education organisations, have used in the activities ready-made scientific and technical developments of the founders. During the formation of small business support infrastructure in Russia, there was “the second wave” of creation of small enterprises, which were reoriented on carrying out independent researches and developments. However, despite the efforts being made by the government, their quantity has remained at extremely low level. The detailed analysis of financial instruments of state support has allowed to reveal the problems that reduce efficiency of the small innovative entrepreneurship in Russia: 1) tools are addressed to all small business without specifics of innovative activities; 2) state support of the small innovative enterprises has no system character and is limited to separate actions; 3) there are no single criteria for evaluation of efficiency of the state support. Relevance and the practical importance of a subject of research have defined its purpose and tasks. The research purpose consists in efficiency increase of the small innovative enterprises state support; financial mechanisms of state support are the object of research. Results of research include: 1) classification of the small innovative enterprises according to their place and value in an innovative cycle; 2) differentiated approach to an efficiency evaluation of the small innovative enterprises state support depending on type of entrepreneurial behavior; 3) criteria for evaluation of efficiency of the small innovative enterprises state support correlated to the principles underlain in a basis of the differentiated approach; 4) system of evaluation criteria ranging according to entrepreneurial behavior type; 5) indicators system of an efficiency evaluation of the small innovative enterprises state support constituted according to evaluation criteria.