1. Title (a title of not more than 12 words is recommended) should briefly and exactly reflect the content of the article, its subject and the results of the scientific research conducted. It should be informative, attractive, and present the uniqueness of the author’s scientific work.
2. Abstract should contain a short summary of the following article sections:
The abstract should reflect all the main research methods, results obtained and a conclusion – so that the readers can get an idea of the article even without reading the main text. Please note that the abstract shouldn’t contain references. The abbreviations that are not generally accepted should be given with expansions.
The recommended length of an abstract is 200–250 words.
3. Keywords are the search instrument for the scientific article and should reflect the main provisions, achievements, results, terminology of scientific research. Using common keywords like "analysis", "hypothesis", "research", etc. is not recommended. We recommend using 5–10 keywords.
4. The main text of the article should be divided into the following sections:
These sections should contain the relevant information. Within these sections, the author’s rubrication is allowed. The reference numbers should be in square brackets and in the order they are mentioned in the text, in case of direct quote – page numbers should be indicated. Please make sure that all the sources are referenced in the text.
1) Introduction should contain the scientific problem statement, its relevance, the connection with the most important problems to be solved, importance for the development of a particular scientific field or practical activity. First of all, the author states the general topic of the research. Then the author should reveal the theoretical and practical significance of his work, describe the problems this article is designed to solve (that have not been solved in previous research on this topic), express the main idea of his publication, describe its difference from current views on the problem and the development of already known approaches, pay attention on presenting the new data, results, recommendations, regularities. The purpose of the article follows from the problem statement.
2) Literature Review. This important section should describe the main (recent) research and publications on which the author relies, current views on the problem, main difficulties and outstanding issues on the considered problem.
3) Methods. This section describes the research process organization, applied methods; provides detailed information on the object under study, shows the research execution sequence and justifies the choice of methods used (observation, survey, test, experiment, analysis, modeling, study and summarization, etc.).
4) Results and Discussion. The author’s systematic analytical and statistical material should be presented in this section. The results of the research should have a sufficient description so that a reader could check the validity of the author’s findings. This is the main section, its purpose is to prove the working hypothesis by analyzing, summarizing and explaining the data. The results can be confirmed with figures and tables, which represent either the initial data or the evidence in a contracted form. Figures and tables should not duplicate the information from the text. It is desirable to compare the results presented in the article with the previous scientific works in this area written by the author and other researchers. This comparison reveals the novelty of the scientific work and proves its objectivity. The data choice for the analysis should be justified.
5) Conclusion contains a brief statement of the main idea, the research results and recommendations, their practical importance and the main areas of further research. The results should be compared with the purpose of the article. We also recommend including attempts to forecast the development of the issues considered.
5. Acknowledgements. This section specifies the sources of funding for the research (grants, government-commissioned projects, etc. with their numbers); gratitude to the colleagues (not co-authors) who provided any support when preparing the article. Expressing gratitude to anonymous reviewers is also a good style.
6. References should be formatted in accordance with Vancouver style. Source numbers are indicated in the order of their occurrence in the text. Legal acts should be indicated in the footnote. It is recommended to refer primarily to the original articles from the scientific journals included in international citation indexes. The number of sources used should be directly proportional to the degree of development of the considered topic. It is important to make a reference in a right format (Vancouver style). A DOI or a website link should be indicated for each source which has it. It is important to help readers to find the specified source as soon as possible.
7. Information about the authors. Full name, academic degree, rank, position, organization(s) (where the research was conducted), ORCID, area of expertise. If the article is written by a group of authors, the information about the next author is separated by an empty line.
8. Authors’ contribution. In the end of the manuscript there should be a note on each author’s relative contribution. Authors are free to determine the order of indicating this information by themselves.
9. Figures and tables. The source of a table or figure (an author, a book, a journal, etc.) should be indicated below. Each figure and table should be referenced in the text. All screenshots should have an additional description. We do not accept scanned images. All figures (tables, charts, figures, schemes and drawings) in the article should be submitted as separate files. They can be presented in colored or black-and-white version (shades of gray or different types of hatching can be used).